An overview of type 2 diabetes
Diabetes occurs when the body does not make enough insulin and/or doesn't respond to insulin properly.
How food, sugar, and insulin work in the body
Your body breaks down certain foods you eat into a type of sugar called glucose.
This sugar (glucose) enters your bloodstream and travels to different cells in your body.
Insulin acts like a key, opening the cells in order to let the sugar move out of your blood and go into your cells. The sugar is then used by your cells for energy.
With type 2 diabetes
Anyone can get type 2 diabetes, but some people are at greater risk than others
Some common risk factors include:
Being overweight or obese
Having a family member such as a parent, brother, or sister who has diabetes
Being a member of a high-risk ethnic group, which includes African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans
Your age and a sedentary lifestyle
GLP-1 is another important hormone that helps lower blood sugar
GLP-1 stands for glucagon-like peptide-1. This hormone is produced in the gut and is released in response to the food you eat. The GLP-1 hormone can:
GLP-1 treatment works like your body's naturally occurring GLP-1. Talk to your healthcare provider about why a GLP-1 pill may be right for you. Download a discussion guide to help get the conversation started.